Types of Damp


The main types of damp found affecting properties are condensation, rising damp, penetrating dampness and internal and external flooding.

Condensation – This is caused when moisture in the air cannot escape the property. The water is held as vapour, suspended and invisible in the air. Upon coming into contact with a cold surface such as a corner of a room, ceiling, mirror or window. The water vapour condenses and settles upon the surface as minute water droplets. These droplets then dampen the material, encouraging conditions for mould spores to develop and multiply. Black mould is often a sign of condensation having occurred.

Rising Damp – This occurs when moisture rises up through the walls of the property due to capillary action; within microscopic pores in the building materials allowing water to be drawn upwards. Rising damp can be caused by a variety of defects, such as materials bridging the damp proof course (DPC) due to high external ground levels, missing DPC’s or damaged and defective DPC’s. Over time, continual ground water drawn upwards, transports ground salts, such as chlorides and nitrates, which work their way through the masonry, plasterwork and wallpaper, causing a tide mark. Any timber such as floor joists, skirting boards and floorboards in contact with the damp walls is at risk of rot.

Penetrating Damp – This is when water from outside finds its way into the fabric of the building, generally, but not always the water source is rainwater. The point of entry could be due to a multitude of defects, such as soft pointing, defective and spalled brick or stonework, damaged windowsills, poor flashing around the chimneystack or missing roof tiles.

Internal Flooding – Flooding can cause damp to structural components of the property, finishes and fittings and furnishings. This can be due to internal flooding, such as plumbing leaks to the radiators or a wash hand basin, sink or bath, waste water leaks and from boilers, dishwashers and washing machines. Often where the water damage manifests, is not where the source of the water leaks from.

External Flooding – This is where floodwater has entered the house. It could be due to a burst rising main, leak from neighbouring premises or due to torrential downpours, with water flooding off the road, farmland or across impermeable surfaces. Our survey will advise on the levels of moisture retained within the fabric of the building, as well as confirming when it has dried out suitably.

It is important to make sure you can firstly identify the type of dampness affecting your home, before identifying the source of the problem and the most suitable remedial treatment required. Our comprehensive survey and reports do all that work for you, identifying defects, severity of damage and suggesting the most appropriate remedial treatments. As an additional service, we can even price up works, so that you have a clearer idea on what the remedial treatment works will cost.

If you need help recognising the type of damp in your property and knowledge on how to treat it, call Healthy Abode now on 01245 206 250 to discuss our services in greater detail.

Timber Surveys

Timber Surveys:
At Healthy Abode we undertake Timber surveys.

Clients ask for a timber survey for two reasons:
* To ensure that wood has not been in contact with moisture, so as to become damp and/or rotted. This affects the timbers structural integrity and can encourage fungus to develop.
* To check for wood boring beetle infestations, to determine whether an infestation is active or historic, to confirm whether wood needs to be treated with insecticide and/or replaced where structural strength has been lost.

Timber and Damp:

If timber gets damp it can rot, which will put structural timber’s such as joists and beams at risk of decay, whereupon they lose their structural integrity. At Healthy Abode, we use specialist equipment, to measure the % wood moisture content in the timber. Following a thorough survey, we will produce a comprehensive report, detail any findings, include photographs and state the most appropriate required remedial works.

Wood Boring Beetle Infestations:

Having a Timber Survey conducted before treating timber for potential woodboring beetle infestations is vital. Our surveyors will inspect the timbers in the property to determine if there area any active wood boring beetle infestations and identify if it is a historical or active case of infestation.

On occasion, we find that the emergence holes are historical and that there is no longer an active infestation, therefore the timbers do not need to be treated, which will save you money and hassle, whilst ensuring that the environment does not need to be exposed to insecticides.

If the infestation is potentially active, then our surveyor’s will advise you on the best methods, to confirm the severity of active infestation as well as the modern accepted method of eradicating the infestation.

Common Furniture Beetle:

Anobium Punctatum (commonly known as common furniture beetle, more commonly known as woodworm!)

Common Furniture beetles (‘woodworm’) tend to attack both softwood and hardwood, but prefer the outer sapwood of both. Often where woodworm has been, you can see evidence of little bore tunnels left behind. This evidence is usually seen close to the surface area of the wood as it is easier to consume. Therefore it is unlikely for woodworm to affect the structural integrity of the timber.

Frass or ‘timber dust’ is left behind from the flight holes of wood boring insects. After hatching the insects munch their way to the surface, emerging as adult beetles from late spring to summer. They fly off late July after laying eggs in the existing holes, starting the life-cycle all over again.

In past times, it was common place to spray timbers affected by common furniture beetle emergence flight holes regardless of whether the infestation was considered active or not. Now, there is an increasing support by surveyors towards long term monitoring and only

treating those areas which are currently or are likely to be affected. Which will ensure that the use of chemicals are controlled and only used where appropriate.

If you’ve noticed damp or rot to timbers or even emergence flight holes then contact us for a timber survey and get the most innovative effective solutions recommended.


Healthy Abode is engaged by a huge variety of clients.

Clients include:
Property purchasers
Management Companies
Property developers / builders / project managers
Tenants & Landlords
Housing Associations & Councils

The reasons for a survey are also diverse, for example we undertake surveys for clients wishing to purchase a home. This is often in response to a concern raised by either the RICS Homebuyer or RICS Structural survey, or when the mortgage lenders valuation surveyor has flagged a potential issue of dampness, timber rot or wood boring beetle infestation up. At times like these, our fast track services are essential as without an independent CSRT surveyor, who is a member of the Property Care Association, the property transaction cannot proceed.

We also undertake surveys for clients to present as evidence of a defect and/or costly damage having occurred to property and belongings to their building freeholders or insurance company. Our thoroughness and professional services ensure a comprehensive site survey is undertaken, the route cause of water ingress determined and if required, a full schedule of works listing remedial treatment raised.

For Management companies and insurers we undertake similar independent surveys, providing schedules of works for tradespersons to follow, ensuring that the fault is rectified, at minimal cost.

When converting such buildings as former offices, care homes, warehouses and barns into residential, the developer, main contractor, general builder or project manager is often required by the warranty provider to provide an independent CSRT report detailing the presence, type, condition of such physical fabric of the building as damp proof courses (DPC’s), damp proof membranes (DPM’s), timbers, height of external ground etc. These call for our CSRT surveyors to spend a morning or day on-site undertaking a full survey, prior to writing up a comprehensive report, detailing remedial treatment necessary as development progresses.

Our independent Environmental Health Practitioners, are often contacted by tenants, concerned homeowners solicitors, letting agent and landlords to undertake damp, timber and mould surveys, so as to reveal the true cause of dampness, recommend the most appropriate remedial treatment and crucially comment upon health impacts. For these surveys, we assess the premises under the Housing Health & Safety Rating System, Hazard 1: Damp & Mould, and dedicate a comprehensive section of the report to the impact to the occupants health. This includes, illnesses and disease linked to damp and mould defects, a thorough description of the causes of ill health, triggers and ill-health symptoms and makes a judgment on the severity of risk and harm to the occupant.

So, as you’ll have read, we tailor our reports to meet your needs and it’s therefore essential that you discuss with us your requirements and concerns, providing us with thorough
instructions at the time of quotation.

You’ll find more information on our blog site, so spend the time to have a look, or give us a call, we’re always keen to chat damp, timber and mould with you!

Housing Services

We specialise in Housing Health & Safety Rating System (HHSRS) assessments, Decent Homes and stock condition surveys, private sector housing reports, Houses in Multiple Occupation (HMO’s) and Schedules of Work. If you have a hazard or a problem then let us help you to resolve it quickly and efficiently.


Environmental Services

Working as independent Environmental Health Officers we undertake a wide range of Enbironmental Protection and Health Inspections, Asessments and Reports and in turn offer advice on a wide range of environmental/health issues.


Design, Plan & Project Management

We produce site plans scaled to meet local planning and fire authorities, commercial, residential and office layout and design requirements.  

We cover London, Essex, Hertfordshire, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire. Healthy Abode has surveyed countless offices, shops, restaurants and homes throughout London and the South-East. 


Damp, Timber & Mould Surveys

As fully independent CSRT damp, timber and mould surveyors we undertake comprehensive surveys and provide specialist property reports detailing exactly any damp, timber and mould defects found in the property, together with colour photographs, health impacts and the recommended remedial works required.


BS4142 Noise Assessments

The noise assessment and subsequent acoustic report will offer advice on how to achieve reasonable internal noise levels within the bedroom and living areas of residential premises, and also garden areas where applicable.


Noise at Work

Thousands of people in the UK suffer from deafness, tinnitus and other ear conditions as a result of exposure to noise within the workplace. 

The Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005 place a duty on employers to ensure that noise exposure levels are reduced to meet the new exposure limits and a specific requirement is placed on employers to ensure health surveillance is conducted.


PPG24 Noise Survey Assessments

Council Planning Officers usually require PPG24 noise surveys, which are environmental noise assessments, at the planning application stage of a residential development; regardless of whether it’s the conversion of an existing building or a new build. PPG24, or “Planning Policy Guidance note 24” is designed to guide local authorities on the use of their planning powers to minimise the impact of noise on your proposed development.


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